Headache is a common neurological disorder that is caused due to the excessive contraction of the muscles in the head and neck. There are different types of headaches which include migraine, cluster headache, sinus headache, tension headache etc.
Migraine headaches are one of the most misunderstood type of a headache. They usually occur as a result of a genetic predisposition to certain triggers. These triggers can be anything from food to hormones to stress. Other than being extremely painful, these migraines have various other symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, extreme sensitivity to light or smells and an aura which includes visual disturbances before the pain starts. With that said, it’s important for you to know your triggers so you can take preventive measures and avoid them as much as possible!
The following is a list of the most common causes:
– Stress: This includes mental stress as well as physical stress. It can be caused by work, family, or both.
– Environmental Factors: These can include noise, pollution, and lighting. Some people are even allergic to certain substances such as pollen or mold spores.
– Hormonal Changes: These can be caused by puberty, pregnancy, menopause, medication use (for example birth control pills), or other medical condition. Some people are just born with a predisposition to headaches.
Headache is a symptom that can be related to a wide variety of health conditions. A headache may be caused by numerous things such as:
– Sweating and dehydration,
– Lack of sleep,
– Food poisoning,
– Intense stress, and lack of water or food, or lack of sleep.
Headaches (also called “κεφαλαλγίες“) are the most common type of pain in the head. They can also be one of the most difficult types to diagnose.
The causes of headaches are varied and include stress, anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, caffeine withdrawal, low levels of oxygen in the blood, poor sleep quality or insufficient sleep, sinus infection or sinusitis, toothache or tooth abscesses, side effect from medicines such as aspirin and indomethacin.
The diagnosis of headaches is usually made by excluding other causes for headache pain which means that you have to get a complete headache history from your patient before starting any testing.
Headaches are usually treated with pain medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for mild headaches. For severe headaches, stronger medications are used or sometimes surgery is recommended.